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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Liu Tu-Hsueh" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 30 Mar 2017 11:37:33 -0000
Subject: Introduction :China Merchants Bank

Liu Tu-Hsueh
China Merchants Bank
London Branch 18th Floor,
20 Fenchurch Street,
London, EC3M 3BY,UK

Good Day,
Liu Tu-Hsueh is my name with China Merchants Bank.
I wish to inform you that this letter is a matter of prime importance.I urge you to treat it with the seriousness it deserves.
I want you to partner with me to transfer funds into your account.
Please state your direct phone number and full names in your reply so that we can discuss on benefits and process.
I await your reply on your willingness to partner with me.

Yours Truly
Liu Tu-Hsueh

Anti-fraud resources: