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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "National Lottery" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 7 Apr 2017 10:27:15 -0700
Subject: Winning Notification.Congratulations

Friday, April 7, 2017

Thursday, April 6, 2017 Lottery Result
Draw No. (1965)
Winning No:(05) (24) (28) (36) (42) (47)
Bonus: (08)

To Whom It May Concern:

Re: The National Lottery Draw: Thursday, April 6, 2017 (Result)

This notification letter is an indication that your “e-mail address”
has won Four Million, Five Hundred and Twenty Six Thousand, Eight Hundred and Fifty Two British Pounds Sterling (£4,526,852.00) from
The National Lottery. Email addresses were pulled together from a
wide range of Worldwide Email Users and Internet Subscribers

The National Lottery Thursday Night Draws presented by Kate Edmondson
includes Lotto and Thunder ball draws, 10.35pm.

The Draw No: 1965 brought out your “e-mail address” from a Data Base
of Internet Email Users and qualified lucky winner of the stated
winning amount.

Your response will be appreciated via return mail ( to commence processing.

Yours faithfully

Dave Falconer
Director, Prize Processing Unit

Anti-fraud resources: