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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Luis Daniel <>
Date: Sat, 8 Apr 2017 01:12:43 -0700
Subject: GOOD DAY..

I am Mr.Luis Daniel a financial expert from South Africa, I contacted you
for the sum of US$4,000,000.00 Four Million United State Dollars, in your
name that suppose to be pay to you as an investment fund from South Africa
in the year 2015/2016.

Hope you have a suspended fund transaction in South Africa in 2015/2016,I
am in good position to assist you in order to receive the fund from South
Africa to your country without any problem.

I need your urgent mail for more details on the best and quick way to have
the fund in your custody.

Your urgent mail is highly needed.
Mr.Luis Daniel.

Anti-fraud resources: