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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Capt.Troy Peterson. <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 8 Apr 2017 12:15:46 +0100

Good day to you and family i am correctly a noble safety in Iraq. I kindly need your assistant to help accomplish me with a treasure funded here,now under my care.

rest assured that this project is 100% risk free.There is no trouble because I did my home work very well. i will explain the origin of the treasures to you in our next email.

All the banks where camped is not working because of the crisis here if you are watching CNN you will understand what i mean. Can i trust you? If you are capable to help me receive this treasure, I will give you 35% of the total. I want to be sure if you are capable no matter what it takes. I have make all the necessary arrangement on the means of moving it out safely. Can i trust you? Please get back to me on the email immediately for security reasons.

I will like to know if you're interested in doing that for me so that i can give more detail on how to proceed.
Stey bless.
Capt.Troy Peterson

Anti-fraud resources: