fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Donald benson." <"www."@orange.ocn.ne.jp>
Reply-To: "Mr. Donald benson." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2017 08:45:29 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Dear Customer,
I am D.H,L courier Delivery Company agent donald benson, the management of
company, wishes to inform you that, we received a parcel
containing an ATM
Master Card valued $7.2million USD with some vital documents attached on it,
for safety delivery to your residential address in your country.
This parcel was brought to us this morning by the ATM Card payment office
Benin, with the below information$B!G(Bs, please reconfirm the below
information, to avoid delivery of your ATM Master Card to wrong hand.
Parcel owner address......
We will register your package and send you the tracking numbers before we
proceed for safety delivery of your package as soon as you reconfirm the
required information for safety delivery.
D.H.L is one of the world's great success stories, the start-up that
revolutionized the delivery of packages and information. In the past 33
years, we've grown up and grown into a diverse family of companies as D.H.L
that's bigger, stronger, better than ever.
Waiting to read your e-mail (dhldeliverydepartmentoffice100) or call
Mr. Donald Benson.
Dispatch Manager D.H.L Courier
for the branch manager
D.H.L Express Service