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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Messah Jerome Gabriel" <>
Date: Sat, 29 Apr 2017 03:43:47 -0700
Subject: Re; We have a great way to say "thank you

Dear Sir/Ma,
Request Business Relationship
Accept my sincere apology for this unsolicited mail to you, I am aware that this is certainly not a conventional way of approach to establish a relationship of trust but you will realize the need for my action. We have made the necessary inquiries about you/company, and we have been informed that you have the integrity and capacity to do business investment partnership in your country. I have been directed to inquire if you would agree to act as our oversea agent in your country? 
Thank you.
Sincerely Yours,
Mr. Messah Jerome Gabriel
Executive Director
Near Sonapack, Heavy Ind. Area
Tema, Greater Accra
Tel:+024005829  Fax: +028590006

Anti-fraud resources: