fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a company representative scam. This type of job offer scam involves the cashing of fake checks and money orders. It could expose you to losses of tens of thousands of dollars as well as to the risk of criminal prosecution and (in some cases) imprisonment.
Fraud email example:
From: "Shan Kong" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 29 Apr 2017 20:14:03 +0100
Subject: Agent Required.
Chemay Chemical Co, Ltd lies in a beautiful island in China. Its business specializes in the exporting trade chemicals, pharmaceutical raw materials and products.
We are searching for representatives who can help us establish a medium of getting to our customers in AMERICA and CANADA as well as making payments through them as payment officers.
As our Payment Officer, you will receive 10% of whatever amount you clear for the company and the balance will be paid to the company's account officer, Forward balance after deduction of percentage / pay to any of the offices you will be contacted to send payment to. For example you've got 30,000.00 USD. You take your income: 3000.00 USD. Send to us: 27000.00 USD.
It is what you can do while doing your Normal daily Job. Please send Name, Address, and Phone Number in your reply.