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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. X" <>
Date: Thu, 27 Apr 2017 10:49:13 +0100
Subject: ATTN DEAR:

RIA Department West Africa
Manager Mr.Jim Daniel
Phone Number +229-62411639

Dear Customer,

The RIA Department of West Africa Benin Republic has received your email in regard to your compensation payment total sum of $950,000.00 usd,i am here to inform you that these fund was deposited into this bank from Minister of Finance head office Benin Republic and they instructed us to be transferring it to you in the amount of $3000.00 usd per day.

We asked to know their reasons of given out these huge amount of money to you and they stated that it is your compensation payment for the impression you had in all African Countries.

This is to inform you that we tried to send your payment but it was bounced requesting that your payment must obtain Authorization Clearance Certificate from International Monetary Fund Office which we negotiated with them and they demand for $98.00 usd before they can issue the certificate,so it is left for you to pay the fee because based on the instruction,we are not permitted to remove even $1 cent out from your fund.

Waiting for your next email, so that we can provide details you can use to send the $98.00 usd for the Authorization Clearance Certificate.

Here is the Ria Money Transfer information to pick up the $3000.00 usd but remain 4 digit numbers;

Reference Number 12089845****
Sender's Name: Lilian John
Amount: USD 3000.00

If you have questions, please contact us with +229-62411639

Mr.Jim Daniel
Manager of RIA Department Western African
Phone Number +229-62411639
The Ria Money Transfer Team.

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Anti-fraud resources: