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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr Richard Copeland" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 30 Apr 2017 17:48:12 -0700
Subject: Re: Urgent Goodnews!!

Dear Sir,
We are Europe based LOAN/INVESTMENT facilitating company known as Global Investment and Loan Development  Authority(GILDA) working on expanding its portfolio globally and given loan for projects financing .Our funding banks is among the top 25 banks in the World.
If you have any viable project at hand,We would be happy to give you loan   in form of a debt financing,we finance import/export business,  finance projects,  finance farming work, we give LOAN in a profitable ventures.
If you have any need for financing your business, projects and investing in a reliable ventures, or financing your farming and industries.GILDA is  there for you.
Contact us today for more information on Email:
Yours truly,
Mr Richard Copeland
(Project Manager)
Global Investment and Loan Development  Authority(GILDA)

Anti-fraud resources: