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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Paul" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 30 Apr 2017 08:56:02 -0000
Subject: Hello


My name is Paul and I'm an Engineer from USA.

I understand this is not the appropriate way or platform for such form of introduction, but i am only taking the chance to see if i will be lucky to get a response from you.

I'm looking for a woman who is honest and sincere in wanting a serious relationship,someone kind and caring, with a good sense of humor,someone who knows how to treat a man and make him feel that he is important to her.Most importantly,someone who does not lie or play head games.

I became a widower in 2009 after my wife lost her 10 year battle with cancer.I'm still in disbelief.She was a great companion and we were told suddenly she had just 3 days to live.My late wife and I were very close and ever since her death, i have been feeling very lonely and alone.I think it is time to move on, I'm blessed with a lovely daughter whom i cherish so much.

I'm a happy person, responsible,honest, considerate, caring,sincere,serious and have a good sense of humor.Please let me know if you are interested in having a serious relationship with me.Age or location is not a barrier.All i need is TRUE love.

Am sorry if i invaded your private space. Apologies. I would be glad to share more about myself with you and send you some of my pictures.

Enjoy your day and I look forward to hearing from you!


Anti-fraud resources: