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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Zeinab M. <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 30 Apr 2017 21:53:14 -0700
Subject: Assistance


 I am Zeinab Malouk,19 years old from Syria. I got your email address from your country online email database Directory. Please Can you help me to transfer my inheritance of  US$45Million from Cambodia bank to your account and also help me to invest it on any viable and lucrative business  and I will give you 40% for helping me.  If you can handle it please Reply only to my private email address at:

I wait for your reply.

Mis. Zeinab Malouk

Anti-fraud resources: