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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "David Butcher" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 3 May 2017 14:07:39 -0700
Subject: We want to invest in your region, urgent.

Good evening to you,

First of all, I would like to apologize for sending such significant business proposal through this means (internet). You have to agree with me that many things have gone awful with the use of internet by some villains out there, and as a result of such act, many people are scared to accept business proposal through the internet. I want to assure you that this proposal is not connected with any deceptive intent or evil proceed, it is 100% safe. On the other hand, I would have made with contact you through your telephone or fax number but I don’t have them with me.

Meanwhile, my name is David KC Butcher, a registered lawyer here in London, and also a business consultant. My client is looking for a smart way to invest some money in your region. Over the last years we have heard lots of positive things about your country, about its economical development and the stable political system, and we have this feeling that in your country there should be good ways to get higher rates of return.

However, we want to invest over $25,000,000.00 in your region, the funds in question were generated from the oil and gas subdivision, and free from any form of money laundering, fraud or drugs related operations. I can assure you that more information’s will be made available for you as soon as I confirm your readiness to participate.

Thanks for your anticipated collaboration.

Many thanks for your co-operations.
David Butcher.

Anti-fraud resources: