fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "utmost confidentiality" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Sheikh Ahmed Moaz Al-khatib <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 3 May 2017 23:41:00 -0800
Subject: MY INVESTMENT APPROACH TO YOUR CUSTODY.
Greetings to you with Peace, mercy and blessings of Allah.
Good tidings I bring to you as I hope and believe that I can trust you to
secure my funds in your hands as I trust you to handle it for investment
project for our mutual good and investment benefits. Happy new business
year as I boldly made this business open to your knowledge and handling
My name is Mr. Sheikh Ahmed Moaz Al-Khatib, Leader of the National
Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition Forces. I personally have
a very serious problem that need an urgent attention which I believe you
can urgently handle for me as I was assured of your capability, credibility
and good repute in assisting me.
My difficulty is, I have huge funds totaling to the tune of $250 Million
U.S. Dollars that I deposited Liquid & Cash through finance firm with its
reputable and trusted Bank in Europe for investment purposes. I have just
concluded today that I should contact a credible foreigner to receive the
funds and invest with it on my behalf as the political climate here in
Syria do not support my moving out of Syria, and coupled with monetary
restriction imposed on Syrians by the President Bashar al-Assad led
These funds cannot be moved into Syria either as I appeal for your
assistance to receive the funds from the Bank where it is been deposited.
Moreover I am contacting you as to keep to the terms and agreement of
deposit with the bank as the funds is not meant to be delayed in the
custody of the coded deposit treasury for longer than agreed as the funds
is not in a running account but in a bonded coded account with Finance
This fund project will start in the Bank and end in the Bank as the funds
are deposited in the Bank while I will give you every detailed information
about how this fund will be transferred to you or your company's account.
This huge fund project is very transparent and open hence a 100%
bank-to-bank transaction dealing is required as your physical presence will
be required right in the Bank for transparent and accountable dealings.
Kindly reply me now as to enable me give you full details about the
informed transaction. I pledge to reward you reasonably and I already have
all arrangement concluded to swiftly release the funds to you on my behalf
as the funds will be finally invested in your Country based on your
business investment advice as investment climate is very conducive in your
country as against the constant war and crises here in Syria which do not
guarantee and support good investment climate for such huge fund as there
is no security of life, property and financial investment here in Syria.
Kindly handle this matter with utmost confidentiality as my good reputation
and credibility should not be undermined please, while my total confidence
and trust is rested on your reputable personality to have this fund of $250
Million U.S. Dollars project concluded as everything will happen in your
watchful eyes while in the Bank.
For more clarity and better understanding, I refer you to this below
website for more information.
I await your email response and be free to respond to my email with any
question as I will explain well to your good understanding.
Mr. Sheikh Ahmed Moaz Al-Khatib.
(Leader of the National Coalition for Syrian Revolutionary and Opposition
Walid Abn Abd El Malek, Damascus, Syria.