fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "moneygram" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "money gram" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- MoneyGram money transfer is completely untraceable and therefore is *not* safe to use with anyone you do not know personally. Along with Western Union it is a preferred method of online criminals to collect money from their victims.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Dr David Maxwell <"www."@basil.ocn.ne.jp>
Reply-To: Dr David Maxwell <email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 4 May 2017 22:01:20 +0900 (JST)
Subject: CONTACT MONEY GRAM FOR YOUR PAYMENT
CONTACT MONEY GRAM FOR YOUR PAYMENT
WE THE MONEY GRAM REMITTING OFFICE WE LET YOU TO KNOW THAT WE HAVE
SENT YOUR FULL COMPENSATION PAYMENT OF $21,500.000.00, TO YOU THROUGH
MONEY GRAM, YOU WILL BE RECEIVING $5.000.00PER DAY, NOW WE HAVE SEND
THE FIRST PAYMENT TO YOU.
SO CONTACT OUR DIRECTOR Dr David Maxwell AND ASK HIM TO GIVE YOU THE
MONEY GRAM PAYMENT INFORMATION SO YOU WILL PICK UP YOUR FUNDS THROUGH
MONEY GRAM WITHOUT ANY PROBLEM AND BEAR THIS IN MIND THAT YOU WILL PAY
TRANSFER FEE WHICH IS ONLY $250 SO KINDLY CONTACT THE MONEY GRAM AGENT
EMAIL ADDRESS TO CONTACT
AND CONTACT HIM WITH YOUR FULL INFORMATION..
CALL OR EMAIL HIM NOW SO THAT HE CAN PROVIDE THE MONEY GRAM
INFORMATION TO YOU AS SOON AS POSSIBLE.