fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Peou Sann" (may be fake)
Date: Wed, 17 May 2017 15:58:40 +0200
Subject: Hello Dear,
My name is Mr.Peou Sann, a seasoned Banker with Foreign Trade Bank
Cambodia. I am an account officer to a deceased customer of our bank,
a national of your country that shares the same last name as yours.
This deceased client of mine, developed heart-attack on his business
trip to Siemreab Cambodia and died on a painful motor accident after
few months on his Hospital bed been 14th of November 2011. His heart
condition was due to the death of all the members of his family in the
tsunami disaster on the 26th December 2004 in Sumatra
during their holiday there and his account of US$32,890,000.00 Million
Dollars with us has been unclaimed due to unavailability of next of
kin/relatives to claim his estate.
In accordance with the escheat laws in Cambodia as a kingdom, the
board of directors of the Bank met forth night ago and resolved to
turn the estate of the deceased over to Government having waited for
too long without the deceased relatives/next of kin surfacing property
and if this is done, invariably, the funds will end up to become
Government property and it is as a result of this that am moved to
contact you considering the fact that you share almost the same name
with the deceased.
In view of this, am seeking your cooperation and understanding to
stand as the deceased next of kin to enable us claim the inheritance
before the period given by the Bank elapse. If you are interested and
in agreement with me, get back to me quickly and I will send to you
all our Bank contacts and the information's you may need to proceed
without coming to Cambodia, and be rest assured that it is risk free
project and the proceedings will be shared 40%-50% once the fund are
expatriated into your account anywhere in the world.
Please reply immediately with your telephone and fax numbers for easy
communication and oral discussion. I shall wait for days and if I do
not hear from you, I will look for another person.
Wait your prompt response immediately.
For easy communication reply me via this email;firstname.lastname@example.org