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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. John Frank" <>
Date: Tue, 23 May 2017 01:58:01 +0000
Subject: Good day

Good day

Mr. John Frank is my name, I work in a Bank here in Benin. And I personally handles transactions of Mr. Hamza Yaqoob who eventually died on the 5th of February 2013 from injuries he sustained in auto crash that happened 2:30pm 3years ago. Before his death, Mr. Hamza Yaqoob lived and work here
in Benin Republic and was a Contractor with Benin Energy dept. He has $6.2M in a fixed account with the bank with no other beneficiary. Now i write to seek your consent to present you as a foreign partner to stand in as the next of kin to the late Mr. Hamza Yaqoob. Let me know if I can work with you.

My best Regards
Mr. John Frank

Anti-fraud resources: