fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "huge sum of money" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "the consignment" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "trunk box" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Ronald MacLeod" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 25 May 2017 11:14:22 -0400
Subject: Your Consignment Is In Your City Now.
Cargo Inspector and Transportation officer,
Miami International Airport 2100 NW 42nd Ave, Miami,
FL 33126, United States.
Your consignment arrived here at your city airport this morning in about 11:45AM. Registration #: JG1N8875BS, Custom ultra scan result revealed a huge sum of money in a metal trunk box weighing approximately 25kg. On my assumption the box contain $8Million USD. with weight of about 25kg (Internal dimension: W61 x H156 x D73 (cm). Effective capacity: 110 LBS.). Approximately, the details of the consignment including your name and address, the official document from United Nation office are tagged on the Metal Trunk box which made you the actual beneficiary of this consignment.
Please contact and provide your name, phone number and full home address,for verification as soon as possible to enable the delivery of your consignment to your address including the name of nearest airport around your city and other details. You can send the required details to me by email for onward delivery. All communication must be held extremely confidential for security reason(s). I can get everything concluded within 48hours upon your acceptance and proceed to your address for delivery
I wait in anticipation to receive your email.
Your urgent responds is highly needed.