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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Paul Simon" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 25 May 2017 11:11:34 -0700

Kindly reminder. Please download attached to track consignment to see
the AWB and invoice details for the shipment we are trying to clear
through customs. Can you please confirm the correct importers bill to
address for the customs entry as there will be VAT to pay on this
shipment and your account department should be informed. Please treat
content as urgent. Thank you.
Best Regards
Paul Simon.

Anti-fraud resources: