fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a fake lottery scam. Consider the following facts about real lotteries:
- They don't notify winners by email.
- You can't win without first buying a lottery ticket.
- They don't randomly select email addresses to award prizes to.
- They don't use free email accounts (Yahoo, Hotmail, etc) to communicate with you.
- They don't tell you to call a mobile phone number.
- They don't tell you to keep your winnings secret.
- They will never ask a winner to pay any fees to receive a prize!
Fraud email example:
From: Royal Bank Of Canada <email@example.com>
Reply-To: Royal Bank Of Canada <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 26 May 2017 07:01:34 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Attention Customer
This is to inform you that a Winning payment in the amount of US$4,000,000.00, (Four Million United State Dollars) was legally approved and deposited with this Bank, Royal Bank of Canada (RBC), and it was deposited in your name by the Lottery Board Executive Directors Of Coca-Cola Company Canada Branch, and they instructed this Bank to credit this Winning direct to your private bank account with immediate effect, Meanwhile, the good news about your File now is that your Winning payment file with some of the legal documents backing this prize has been forwarded to the International Monitoring Fund (IMF) for final approval, And we shall proceed with the transfer immediately we hear from you because we were mandated to transfer this Winning to you as one of the winner whose the name is listed in the Coca-Cola Company Canada Lottery award.
However, Please note that Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) have decided and agreed together to send this payment to you by either bank Electronic wire transfer, online bank transfer or an ATM Card services depending the option you would prefer to receive this Winning for security purpose, so you are therefore advised to quickly get back to the management of this bank and let this Bank know the option you choose to have your Winning credited into your account to enable this Bank proceed with the claim process of your Winning.
In accordance with the provision of electronic funds transfer of sub sections 359(6) of the Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) bank allied matters act 1990, your wining will be transfer to your bank account within 5-hours, please expedite actions as the rightful winner, as the administrative overheads statement account valued added balance sheet have been issued in your favor. $4,000,000.00 USD Payment notification from Royal Bank Of Canada (RBC).
We wait your immediate response with your information below to enable this bank proceeds immediately with the transfer of your Winning as we were directed.
Full name .........
Alternative email address:.....
Please don't fail to fill this form above because it will help this bank a lot to make sure that your Winning transfer immediately. Secondly we are so sorry for our late respond due to we have a lot of customers to attend here, so please fill this form for the immediate transfer.
David I Mckay
The President and CEO.
Royal Bank Of Canada (RBC).
Head Office Location Address: 200 Bay Street,
Royal Bank Plaza,
Toronto, ON, CA, M5J 2J5.