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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Hon. Fred Bernard" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 8 Jun 2017 00:41:43 -0700
Subject: Hello Good Day,

I am Hon Fred Bernard, an Ivory Coast citizen(a politician and also the former special adviser to ministry of interior in Ivory Coast having worked with former President (Laurent Gbagbo)
I am very sure, that you're aware of the political crisis which took place in my country. As a special adviser to the ministry of interior in my country, I was empowered to oversee all our minerals resources.
However, because of the political crisis in my country Ivory Coast (Cote d 'Ivoire), I decided to use the opportunity in taking hold of this ($12.6 Million Dollars) Twelve Million Six Hundred Thousand United States Dollars Only, for an immediate investment in your country or any other country you deem necessary and safe.the funds are currently with a security firm in Europe awaiting for clearing.
However I am seeking your kind assistance to assist me receive, secure and invest the above mentioned fund wisely on lucrative Venture under your supervision. Meanwhile I'll be interested to have you as my friend also a business partner, if only you can assure me that you're  trustworthy. which will enable us to provide you with all documents for you to open discussion with the firm for immediate collection of the funds.
I thank you very much for taking time to go through my mail, and hope to read from your reply soon. Feel free to contact me with your information as soon as possible to enable us proceed.
Yours sincerely,
Hon. Fred Bernard

Anti-fraud resources: