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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "BANK OF AMERICA" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 29 Jun 2017 08:25:46 -0700

Bank of America logo
Attention:Certified Beneficially
This is to inform you that your fund which you have been Processing for some period of years is coming through a Diplomatic means to your door steps in cash as sealed in a Luggage, From World Bank Auditor in USA(World Bank Auditor). We advise you forward to us your information to this Department office,
Your full name:
Your home address:
Your Telephone number:
Your International Passport:
Drivers' License:
Also where you want the consignment to be Delivered.
As soon as we receive this information required from you the Consignment briefcase of $10.5m will be forwarded to you immediately and the date of our official arriving in your Country will be given to you also.
Do get back to me immediately to any the dispatch of the diplomat with the luggage as sealed to you in your home country.
Awaiting your urgent compliance to our instruction
Mr. Brian Moynihan

Anti-fraud resources: