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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Mohd Shahrul bin Shafie <>
Reply-To: John Fields <>
Date: Fri, 30 Jun 2017 16:44:36 +0800 (MYT)
Subject: RE: REFUND COMPENSATION OF $85,000.00.

ATTENTION: We have been appointed by the U.S. GOVERNMENT on compensating the scam victims with the sum of $85,000.00.

We will appreciate you to get back to us with your FULL NAME, PHYSICAL ADDRESS, CELL PHONE, BANK NAME, ACCOUNT NUMBER and ROUTING NUMBER to claim your compensation.

DISCLAIMER: This email including any attachments is intended only for the use of the recipient(s) named above and may contain confidential information. If you are not the intended recipient, you are hereby notified that the taking of any action in reliance upon, or any review, retransmission, dissemination, distribution, printing or copying of this emails or any part thereof is strictly prohibited. If you have received this e-mail in error, you should delete this email and notify the sender or Pusat Latihan Pengajar & Kemahiran Lanjutan (CIAST) immediately. Opinions, conclusions and other information in this e-mail that do not relate to the official business of CIAST shall be understood as neither given nor endorsed by CIAST. All liability arising from or in connection with computer viruses and/or corrupted e-mails is excluded to the fullest extent permitted by law.

Anti-fraud resources: