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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Zinaida" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 30 Jun 2017 08:53:49 +0200
Subject: Waiting for your response at your earliest convenience

This is HTML source of m
essage you composed. Do not modify here. To modify this message press HTML Messages Editor button.
I'm Bronislav Zinaida Igov a Senior Audit/banker with a
leading bank here in Istanbul Turkey.
I have been opportune  loot out some amount of money
during our yearly auditing  I discovered a dormant
account that belongs to a Syrian national.I was his
account offical.
As a matter of fact, I am contacting you to come in and
act as his  partner/when we go further we put lover?
following the information we shall make available to your
reach to enable the bank transfer the funds to any
account you may provide.
This transaction is risk free and it requires absolute
confidentiality, so if you are sure you can handle it,
then get back to me for more details through my private
email address for security reasons
Bronislav Zinaida Igov

Anti-fraud resources: