fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Dr Kassim Al-Razaq <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 5 Jul 2017 11:27:49 +0000
Subject: EXTREMELY URGENT
PLEASE ASSIST ME TO FINALIZE THIS TRANSACTION: I have decided to contact you due to the urgency of this transaction, Please, let me start by introducing myself properly to you; I am Dr. Kassim Al-Razaq, Managing Director, Contract Procurement / Resources, NNPC / SHELL Petroleum Development joint venture (NNPC / SPDC) Nigeria - Africa. I got your contact through an internet Marketing firm while searching for a reliable and reputable personality to Handle this transaction which involves the transfer of the sum of Forty million Five Hundred United States dollars (US $40.5 Million) only, to a Reliable account abroad, Your role is important due to the fact that There are lots of restrictions for civil servants in my country, We are not allowed to operate foreign accounts.
THIS AMOUNT WAS SECURED FROM AN OVER INVOICED AMOUNT ON CONTRACT
THAT WE AWARDED YEARS AGO AND THE CONTRACTOR HAVE EXECUTED THE
CONTRACT AND HANDED OVER TO NNPC / SHELL JOINT VENTURE AND HAVE RECEIVED HIS FULL PAYMENT.
YOUR ROLE IN THIS TRANSACTION:
To provide a good bank account for the transfer of Forty million Five Hundred United States dollars (US $40.5 Million), You Will stand as one of our contractor who has executed a contract here In Nigeria and the beneficiary of the US $40.5 million that is ready for Payout, Note that the reason for the transfer of these funds into your own chosen foreign account is that it would be from Government accounts
All the necessary documentation for the facilitation and approval of this fund in your favor will be well taken care of hence we Are involved. I am assuring you of a free transaction and that all modalities for the smooth transfer of this fund into your account have been planned; you have the opportunity to discuss your percentage (%) / (Success fee) as we have mapped out 20% for your assistance.
To enable us to proceed with this business transaction, please send me immediately the following.
1) Your direct phone number to communicate with you. 2) Your fax numbers. And 3) Your complete address. Thank and
My Best Regards,
Dr. Kassim Al-Razaq,
Managing Director, Contract Procurement / Resources,
NNPC / SHELL Petroleum Development Cooperation Joint Venture
(NNPC / SPDC) Nigeria - Africa.
Please reply to: email@example.com (only)