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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mustapha Dangote" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 25 Jul 2017 16:47:15 +0300
Subject: RE: Important Notice

Attention!!! Dear Sir/Ma This is to re-officially notify you that information of your unpaid contract/inheritance/Compensation entitlement has received attention of office of the presidency on foreign financial matters and also office of the minister for foreign affairs. Be informed that the Federal Government through the federal high court of justice has duly certified you to receive your payment direct from the approved paying bank here. The attached file herein is certificate of fund ownership issued in respect of your approved payment by the federal high court. For record purpose, it is important that you confirm receipt of this message Best Regards Mr. Aliu Mustapha For; Office of the Presidency Foreign Financial Matters

Anti-fraud resources: