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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Timothy Zadalis<>
Date: 27 Jul 2017 00:33:43 +0700


I am Gen.Timothy M. Zadalis the Vice Commander, U.S. Army, Air Forces in Europe-Air Forces Africa, presently in Ramstein Air Base Germany,born 10 July 1959 from Maine United State of America.

I am in need of your assistance to move out some money to you for save keeping.All i need is a good partner, someone i can trust to receive these money on my behalf through Diplomat delivery system or through bank to bank wire transfer to your account for safe keeping and you will get 30% of the total amount involve while you will keep 70% for me till i am back home and come over to meet you for our sharing and investing of the money.If it interest you to collaborate with me and be my business partner then you contact me through email address ( and i will write and explain to you how this will work out for good.Attached is my picture for your view

Gen Timothy Zadalis U.S.Army.

Anti-fraud resources: