fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "united state of america" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: Timothy Zadalis<email@example.com>
Date: 27 Jul 2017 00:33:43 +0700
Subject: HELLO FUND TRANSFER VERY URGENT
I am Gen.Timothy M. Zadalis the Vice Commander, U.S. Army, Air Forces in Europe-Air Forces Africa, presently in Ramstein Air Base Germany,born 10 July 1959 from Maine United State of America.
I am in need of your assistance to move out some money to you for save keeping.All i need is a good partner, someone i can trust to receive these money on my behalf through Diplomat delivery system or through bank to bank wire transfer to your account for safe keeping and you will get 30% of the total amount involve while you will keep 70% for me till i am back home and come over to meet you for our sharing and investing of the money.If it interest you to collaborate with me and be my business
partner then you contact me through email address (firstname.lastname@example.org) and i will write and explain to you how this will work out for good.Attached is my picture for your view
Gen Timothy Zadalis U.S.Army.