fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million united state dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "united state dollar" (this email uses bad English)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: ddddddddddddd <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 26 Jul 2017 23:20:22 -0700
Subject: HELLO GOOD FRIEND REPLY BACK
Hello Good friend
I am Dr Duke Preye A private accountant and chief external auditor Standard Bank of Nigeria. I need your service in a confidential matter regarding the transfer of $27MUSD (Twenty Seven Million United State Dollars)
An investor japanese and a contractor with the Kruger oil company died without naming a legal next of kin to his fund in my bank. The amount is $27M (Twenty Seven Million United State Dollars) and banking regulation legislation in Nigeria demand that I notify the fiscal authorities after five years. Further details will be given upon your reply.please also you will forward this infomations to me for us to proceed,
Your Full Name........................
Your Personal Mobile Number.....
Send your reply to my private email address (firstname.lastname@example.org) with your full contact details and for confirmation of this proposal, the amount is ready at present.On your immediate approval and acceptance to assist me in this matter,i will inform you of what to do.All I require is your honest co-operation to enable this deal through.I guarantee that this will be executed under a legitimate arrangement that will protect both of us from any breach of the law to cover up your reputable name. Looking forward to your urgent anticipation to this offer.Thank you and my sincere regards to you and your family.
Dr Duke Preye