fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Joseph O. Akagba" (may be fake)
Date: Sat, 5 Aug 2017 22:13:31 +0200
Subject: Reconciliation Of Your Payment Release.
I am Dr. Joseph O. Akagba the Chairman Foreign Debts/Scam victim's payment Reconciliation Committee.Following the resolution reached in the last summit held by United nation's delegate and the economic team of Federal republic of Nigeria we are authorised to reconcile your payment and get it paid to you as debts of your kind and report/publication of the scam victims is affecting the economy of the nation at large.
Base on the above reason as we are mandated to insure that your fund is released to you as to restore our economy and confidence of our foreign investors, you are by this notice advised to stop forth with further communication with any other office, person, bank, agency and parastatal unless you are asked to do so by this committee until your fund is successfully confirmed credited into your trust account.
Note that we have no legal justification to withheld your payment at this point rather owe it a duty to verify and reconcile all necessary information as regards to the fund and get it paid to you.You are hereby on receipt of this message instructed to reconfirm the following information your company if any, your address, the total amount due to, your mobile phone number, a copy of any of your identification, your receiving bank details and the bank address.
Waiting to hear from you as payment of your fund which can not be compromised at this time is our paramount interest.
Dr. Joseph O. Akagba
Committee Chairman Reconciliation Payment.