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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Paul Holstein" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 6 Aug 2017 21:20:38 -0700
Subject: From Mr. Paul Holstein

From Mr. Paul Holstein
Tel. +1 954 837 8001

Good day to you my dear and how are you doing today? This is Mr. Paul Holstein from Miami International Airport Florida, United States of America, i am here to let you know that we received different types of consignment boxes and packages from Atlanta Georgia airport with some people’s name placed on it, among the consignment boxes and packages that is still in our custody, your name was included on a ATM CARD worth $1.5Million, other consignment and bank Drafts is from new jersey custom office , banks in Europe and some part of Asia, all the consignment is here in our office, (THE HOME LAND SECURITY AND INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICES INCLUDING THE UNITED NATIONS OFFICE )has given order for immediate release of the consignment boxes, packages containing drafts and ATM CARDS to the owners but we just want to be very sure of you.

Your Full Name
Current Address
Your Mobile Phone Number

To avoid any wrong delivery to someone else.

Mr. Paul Holstein
Miami International Airport Florida
Tel. +1 954 837 8001

Anti-fraud resources: