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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Peruffo Sergio" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 7 Aug 2017 06:01:47 -0700
Subject: Investment Proposal !!!

Good Day,

My contacting you is based on investment establishment in your country.

Be aware that I am in a desire of any investments establishment that will guarrantee a safe and secured profitable returns in terms of Energy Renewals, Transportation, Agriculture, Aviation, Oil and Gas, Real Estates, Hotel Resorts, Casinos etc. or any other businesses or investment interest of your choice that you believe will be encouraging enough for us to established in your home town and I am very ready to co-operate and partner with you.

Please reply back to this e-mail address ( to enable me give you more details about the investment establishment plans and how much is the total amount that I am intending to invest in your country.

Say me well to the family as I wait to read from you soon.

Dr.Peru Sergio.

Anti-fraud resources: