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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Metro Bank" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 7 Aug 2017 15:43:34 +0200
Subject: Important Notice

Image result for metro bank

Dear Customer,

We have detected a slight error in your account. Unfortunately your account has been automatically disabled to protect your information and prevent misuse. Due to this, disabled accounts are not allow to (Receive payments, Make payments or withdraw funds).

Please complete our account verification process by following the continue button below to restore your account access.


This should only take you a few minutes to complete

Metro Bank Security Team

Anti-fraud resources: