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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Commissione Controllo e Garanzia <>
Reply-To: "Gary A. Edward" <>
Date: Mon, 7 Aug 2017 16:37:23 +0200 (CEST)
Subject: Appreciation Message

My dear friend,

How are you doing, hope all is well with you?

You may not understand why this mail came to you,But if you do not remember me,you might have receive an email from me in the past regarding a Multi-Million-Dollar business proposal which we never concluded. I am using this opportunity to inform you that the Multi-Million-Dollar business has been concluded with the assistance of another partner from United Kingdom U.K who financed the transaction to a logical conclusion.

I thank you for your great efforts to our unfinished transfer of fund into your account due to one reason or the other best known to you. I want to inform you that I have successfully transferred the fund to my new partner's account that was capable of assisting me in this great venture. Due to your effort,sincerity,courage and trust worthiness you showed during the course of the transaction. I want to compensate you and show my gratitude to you with the sum of $1.200,000.00usd I have left a certified bank draft for you worth of $1.200,000.00usd cashable anywhere in the world, One Million Two Hundred Thousand United States Dollars Only.

My dear friend I will like you to contact my Account Officer with Heritage bank on his direct email address at: ( for the collection of your bank draft i left for you, his names are: Marcel Carlos. I authorized him to release the Bank Draft to you whenever you contact him regarding for it. At the moment, I'm away, very busy with my partner because of the investment project which I and my new partner are having at hand. Please I will like you to accept this token with good faith as this is from the bottom of my heart,Also comply with Marcel's directive so that your money can reach you without delay.

Note his contact again below:
Name: Marcel Carlos

Yours sincerely,
Gary A. Edward.

Anti-fraud resources: