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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "S. John" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 9 Aug 2017 04:16:16 -0000
Subject: Proposal

Good day Friend,
I am a Banker with HSBC here in the United Kingdom and I have a secure deal for you, worth 19.2 Million Pounds  for you to handle with me.
Although this might be difficult for you to believe, your benefit is 50% of the total amount.
If interested? please get back to me ASAP as I await a positive response from you to proceed.
Please grant me the benefit of doubt and hear me out.

Anti-fraud resources: