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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Charles Mogan" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 11 Aug 2017 08:29:40 -0700

From: Charles Mogan
1 First Street Northeast, Washington, DC 20543
Provision of Affidavit of Claim Certificate for Legal Cover/ Protection of US$21.5Million Dollars.
Please let us start by apologizing to your humble and noble person, this is because your payment file worth the total sum of us$21.5Million us dollars has just been brought to my desk by the United State Treasury Home for cancellation which I have taken my time to look into your payment file to know why your over due payment should be canceled and I found out that it was because of your inability to secure your Release Approval Order Certificate (RAOC) that is why they have resolved to have your payment of us$21.5Million us dollars canceled.
However, due to humanitarian ground and sympathy and because i do not want your payment canceled so I immediately called up the chief justice to explain your matter to him as regards your payment and he personally called up a meeting yesterday which was resolved that you most provide your Release Approval Order Certificate (RAOC) before your funds can be transfer to you, you will never know what you have until you loose it.
We want you to know that we are indeed very sorry for any inconveniences any delay this must have caused you in having your fund paid out to you long before now.
Confirm the receipt of this e-mail immediately by providing your full information and be rest assured that you will be smiling to your bank once you comply with the above directives now. Your urgent response to this e-mail now will go a long way in helping us ensure your payment is released to you within 48-hours (2days) of you acting as instructed you now.
Your Name:...........
Telephone number:......
Looking forward for your immediate response today
Yours Faithfully,
Charles Mogan
Supreme Court of the United States,
1 First Street Northeast, Washington, DC 20543

Anti-fraud resources: