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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Le Manh Ha | Accounts" <>
Reply-To: Le Manh Ha | Accounts <>
Date: Fri, 11 Aug 2017 04:02:53 +0200
Subject: Remittance Advise!!!

Dear Sir.


We have just remitted the down payment to your company bank account which y=
ou forwarded to our client.

pls find attached swift and confirm that no mistake in your account details=
to avoid loss of funds.

+++++++++++++++20A SENDER'S REFERENCE11044TRF12008119:23B BANK OPERATION CO=
50K ORDERING CUSTOMER/AL36213110440000000000933729I

I await your soonest response.

Best regards
Le Manh Ha
Trade Forex Capital Ltd
296 Nguyen Van Linh Street , Phuoc Dong Ward
Nha Trang city, Vietnam
Tel : +84 58 6298469 ; Fax : +84 58 3714708
Email :

Anti-fraud resources: