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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Gregg KallenMichael Haentjes" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 7 Aug 2017 07:28:50 +0100
Subject: Re: Proforma Invoice

Good morning,
My colleague is currently on vacation. I am writing you regarding our latest shipment. Please find the attached signed PI. Please kindly confirm the bank details in the attached invoice so that we can proceed with the payment accordingly. We shall proceed upon your confirmation.
We humbly request you do the needful urgently.
Thanks and Regards,
Gregg Kallen
Account Payable.
PERFEKTUM Group, s.r.o.
Na Slovance 11
CZ-182 00 Praha 8
Phone: +420 2 86 88 40 18 | Fax: +420 2 86 88 40 22
E-mail: ,  | Website:

Anti-fraud resources: