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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Rick Ruzzi" <>
Date: Sat, 12 Aug 2017 13:49:17 +0700 (WIT)
Subject: ***BULK*** To Your Urgent Attention


U.S. Bank
1025 Connecticut Ave. NW, Ste. 510. Washington, DC 20036

Good Day!

This is to inform you that the U.S Government has instructed us to remit
the sum of $5. Million United States Dollar into your account, the reason
for this is because your name was among the scam victims that lost a lot
of money to African and European Fraudsters, you are hereby advised to
without delay stop all you have going on between you and anybody on
internet because you will end up at nothing, hence, there are two options
to receive your funds.

(1) By Bank to Bank Wire Transfer
(2) By Atm Card.

We are awaiting your immediate response with your information to enable
this bank proceeds immediately with the transfer of your fund and serve
you better.

Full Name....................
Home Address.................
Valid Phone number............
Your Country........
Any Of Your Identity Card........

Do not send money up front fee to anyone from Europe or African again for
what so ever reason. The US bank will immediately remit your account once
I reconfirm your banking details.


Mr. Rick Ruzzi
Executive Region Manager

Anti-fraud resources: