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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Zaeed Mustapha <>
Date: Sat, 12 Aug 2017 12:34:32 +0000
Subject: From Mr. Zaeed Mustapha

From Mr. Zaeed Mustapha.

I believed my letter will meet you in good health and your finest mood today; my name is Mr.Zaeed El Mustapha,Private Auditor General, Bank. I decided to seek a confidential co-operation with you in the execution of the deal described here-under for our mutual benefit and urge you to keep it a top secret because of the nature of the transaction.

During the auditing of bank accounts at Bank , I discovered an abandoned and unclaimed fund amounting to USD$26.400.000 .00 (Twenty six million Four hundred thousand United States Dollars) in an account that belongs to one of our deceased foreign customer, late Mr. Paul-Louis Halley.

Paul-Louis Halley was a French businessman who part-founded the retail company Promodès, which later merged with Carrefour. Much of his fortune came from his 11% stakeholding in Carrefour. He was estimated to have a fortune of $2.2bn, putting him at 104th on the Forbes World's Richest People list in 2003. He died in a plane crash on the 6th day of December 2003.Paul-Louis Halley founded the retail company Promodès in 1961, along with his father and brother. The company merged with Carrefour in 1999, with Halley as the principal shareholder.Please visit this wikipedia page below for more information about Mr. Paul Louis Halley:

After going through his personal file in my bank, I discovered that he died without any specific next of kin to these funds, such I make this contact seeking your consent to present you as the next of kin/ heir to the deceased so that the proceeds of this bank account valued at USD$26.4 Million will be released to you as the beneficiary, which will be shared in percentage ratio of 60: 40 between me and you respectively. All I request of you is your utmost sincere co-operation; trust and maximum confidentiality to achieve this deal successfully. I have carefully worked out the modalities for execution of this transaction under a legitimate arrangement to protect you from any breach of the law both in your country and here in the United Kingdom and beyond, during and after the transfer of the fund to your bank account any country of your choice.

That is why I reached you today, Upon your consideration and acceptance of this offer, kindly send to me;
Your Full Name:
Your Full Address:
Your Date of Birth:
Your Mobile;
Your Office:
Your Fax no:
Your Occupation:
Your Scan copy of international passport or your driver's license.

Kindly provide the above required details to enable me enter your details into bank database as to appear in the bank system that you are the named next of kin /heir beneficiary of the fund, and then I will guide your communication with Bank via which the funds will be released to you, please reply to my private e-mail: ( proper confidential and security reasons.

Thanks in appreciation and anticipation of your urgent response.

Best regards,
Mr.Zaeed Mustapha.
Private Auditor General

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