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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "BMW Automobile" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 15 Aug 2017 14:01:39 -0500
Subject: Summer Greetings Enthusiast

Hello Enthusiast
This is to inform you that you have been selected for an award of a brand new 2017 Sedan 750Li and a Check of USD800,000.00 United States Dollars from our summer international programs held on this day in the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
To begin the claim processing, contact our fiduciary claims department for more information. Name: Mr. Bret Wilson Email:
Ludwig Willisch.
Customer Representative

Anti-fraud resources: