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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Kik" <>
Date: Sun, 20 Aug 2017 21:55:58 +0200
Subject: Re : Approved Payment

Dear Sir

This is to inform you that we have received your payment file from the United Nations together with your Approved Transaction Number (2830U691) to transfer your payment of US$11,500,000.00 to your bank account.

Since your transaction has been verified to be legal by United Nations, you are advised to send your banking and personal details for the processing of your payment.

Act according my instruction, I am waiting for your immediate response.

Yours sincerely,

Kirk Pressley
Chief Financial Officer
BBVA Compass Bank Houston Texas, USA
Direct Phone : +1 (315) 322-9337

Anti-fraud resources: