fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Donny Mac Williams" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 21 Aug 2017 13:06:56 +0100
Subject: INVESTMENT PROJECT
I represent groups of investors based in the Gulf Coast Region, and
they are seeking means of expanding/relocating their business interest
abroad with capital amount to the tune of US$48 Million Dollars. If
you have a solid background and idea of making good profit in any
business in your country, please write me for possible business
Meanwhile, they are ready to facilitate and fund any business that is
capable of generating 10% annual return on investment (AROI) Joint
Venture partnership. Haven obtained your contact details and email
address from Business Directory.
Working together with you, we can help launch and execute strategic,
branded, and customized programs that generate high impact efficiently
Growing giving is our primary goal and we know that achieving that
goal means being flexible and cognizant of your companys infinite
needs and limited resources. The Investor needs an experienced person
like you to assist set up and develop the projects.
Thanks for your anticipated desire to comprehend deeply above
mentioned.We are waiting for your urgent confirmation for record
You're prompt replies are highly appreciated for more information.
Mr. Donny Mac Williams
Dr. Ahmed Idirs Umar
Chief Executive Officer
Aafaq Islamic Finance Company
P.O. Box 282400, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.