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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Gideon Baah<>
Date: 05 Sep 2017 14:39:18 +0200
Subject: Hello Dear

Hello Dear,

I am contacting you for the claim of my late client's fund that was deposited with the bank here in Accra Ghana. Mr.M. A.Milana,  was involved in a ghastly motor accident along Aflao motorway with his family. I decided to contact you as a matter of urgency regarding this issue. I want to present you to the bank as the living next of kin so that the fund worth $ 5.5 million usd, (Five Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) will be released to you.

Please contact me for more details of this transaction.
Yours faithfully,
Gideon Baah.


Anti-fraud resources: