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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Andrew McCabe." (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 9 Sep 2017 05:27:10 +0300

Office Of The Deputy Director,
Andrew McCabe,
Federal Bureau Of Investigation,
935 Pennsylvania Avenue,
NW, Washington, D.C. 20535-0001, USA.
Attention: Beneficiary,
The Federal Bureau of investigation in collaboration with the International Monetary Fund has discovered your over-due inheritance / contract payment of US$8,000,000.00 (Eight Million United States Dollars) in an escrow account in the Central Bank of Nigeria From the security report made available to us by the executive governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria in the person of Mr Godwin Emefiele, the funds are 100% real and have been approved for release to you, but a lady by the name of Mrs. Joan B Melvin of New York has already filed an application of claim at the Central Bank of Nigeria with a power of attorney and some official documents signed by you, which empowered her to claim the funds on your behalf due to your ill health.
In prospect of this, we have been recommended to warn all beneficiaries who have received information pertaining to their outstanding inheritance / contract payment to be very careful, in order not to fall a victim of ugly circumstance.  In case you are already dealing with some cruel officials of the Central Bank of Nigeria or other agency, you are strictly advised to STOP further communication with them in your best interest and thereby contact the governor's office of the Central Bank of Nigeria via the below details:
OFFICE ADDRESS: Central Bank of Nigeria,
Central Business District,
Cadastral Zone, Abuja, Federal.
Capital Territory, Nigeria.
NOTE: You should ignore any message that does not come from the above email address and phone number for security reasons. And to enable the Central Bank of Nigeria process and release the fund to you, you are demanded to re-confirm your full details such as
Ensure that you follow the Central Bank of Nigeria due process as enshrined in the International Banking Secrecy Act to avoid any form of discrepancy, which may hinder your fund transfer.
Thanks for your understanding and cooperation as we earnestly await your urgent reply.
Best Regards,
Andrew McCabe,
Federal Bureau of Investigation
J. Edgar Hoover Building,
935 Pennsylvania Avenue,
NW, Washington, D.C.

Anti-fraud resources: