fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: Hirohito Yokoi <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Fri, 29 Sep 2017 05:15:32 -0700
Subject: Re: Account Receivable Agent
I am Hirohito Yokoi from Japan,the current president to
science/technology based enterprise.
We are currently recruiting companies/individuals
as account receivable agents in North America.
We need your services as an account receivable agent to our customers in
your Region on a 12 months contract basis, you will be responsible for
the collection of all account receivables in your region to directly
support our sales operations and it will not in any way affect your
I understand this is not your area of expertise, because we have
your profile and knowing your eligibility to help our company fulfill
its major goal, that is the main reason I have to reach out to you.
Reply to (email@example.com) for more details, we look forward to
working with you.