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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs. Melania Trump" <>
Date: Fri, 29 Sep 2017 17:27:03 +0100
Subject: First Lady Office Mrs. Melania Trump .

Good Day My Dear

I am Mrs. Melania Trump this is to officially inform you that your
overdue payment from Benin Republic total sum of ($18.000.000)
Eighteen Million United States Dollars is currently here in my office
white house Washington DC and the funds will be delivered to you as
soon as you get back to this office and comply with the requirement as
needed to deliver your total fund to you as well. Your home address
and your cell phone numbers is highly needed to complete this
delivering to you as well,

Bear in mind that I have taking my time to be in charge of your funds
as instructed by my husband to ensure that you received your funds
successfully from the white house to reduce the economy and I’m the
only one that has your funds in regard to my husband Mr.Donald Trump
II and you will have to pay the sum of $188 only before your Bank
Cheque Draft will deliver to you , the reason why the fee is required
is to have your funds clearance paper from the origin of the funds to
avoid any harassment from the authority and you are also expecting to
be announce as Beneficiary of the said amount as your fund is
delivered to you. So you are urgent advised to get back to me with
your home address and also the payment information today for immediate
effect of your delivery. Note that the $188 is the only fee and final
payment you have my assurance, and you can contact me through text
messages with this number 201-754-8270

Please acknowledge the receipt of this letter via e-mail address:


Mrs. Melania Trump
The White House
(Official Residenace of the President of the US)
First Lady United State Of America.

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Anti-fraud resources: