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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mrs Windy" <>
Date: Fri, 29 Sep 2017 08:52:05 -1100

Dear Friend,

It is a great privilege to invite you to global Congress meeting sponsored Human Right Annual Conference (HRAC) held on Human Right , Child Protection & HIV/AIDS Treatment, Prostitution, Sex Work ,forced Labor, The meeting is scheduled to take place from November 20th - 24th, 2017 @ Atlanta Georgia USA. Visa and air tickets will be assisted by the organization. Hotel accommodation booking costs will be your own responsibility.

For more information, contact the conference information desk via Email:

We look forward to see you there!

Mrs Windy Reuben
(PhD) Activities Coordinator

Anti-fraud resources: