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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "David James" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 29 Sep 2017 20:25:27 -0300
Subject: 29-09-17 Update

Attention: Email Owner,
This Letter is from The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA). We have been authorized by UN in collaboration with World Bank to pay you. Kindly confirm the active of this your e-mail address for further information, because we have tried many times to contact you but your email bounce back. We hope you find this improvement useful .
Yours in Service,
David James Jr.
For: The Management.
Financial Conduct Authority (FCA).

Anti-fraud resources: