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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: James Williams <>
Reply-To: James Williams <>
Date: Sat, 30 Sep 2017 19:53:00 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Attention Dear Beneficiary Good Day, Your fund of $13,900,000.00 has been released and the transfer began today through western union transfer. So, contact Western Union Agent Mr. JAMES WILLIAMS, and ask him what you need to do to enable them activate your account file so that you will be able to pick up your transfer. Contact Agent: Mr. JAMES WILLIAMS Email: Tel:+22999454708 Your Receiver Name-------------- Your Country-------------------- Your City----------------------- Your Te

Anti-fraud resources: