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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Stephanie Leo <>
Reply-To: Stephanie Leo <>
Date: Thu, 5 Oct 2017 02:29:28 +0900 (JST)
Subject: From Stephanie

my name is Stephanie Leo. The only daughter of late Mr Gerald Leo. My father was a business and wealthy cocoa merchant in Ivory Coast(Cote Ivoire) state,Abidjan. my father was poisoned by his business associates on one of their outings on a business trip.

My mother died when I was 6years old, and since then my father took me so special. Before the death of my father in a private hospital here in Abidjan, he secretly called me by his bed side and told me that he has the sum of [7,500,000.00] seven million five Hundred thousand US Dollars, left in fixed / suspense account In one of the international banks here in Abidjan, I used your name as my only daughter for the next of Kin in depositing of the fund. My late father instructed me to seek for a foreign partner that will be trusted to assist me transfer this fund to his account in a country of my choice, where I will transfer this money and use it for investment purpose such as real estate management or hotel management.

I am honorably seeking your assistance in the following ways.
1, To provide a bank account in which this money would be transferred.
2, To serve as my guardian.
3, To make arrangement for me to come over to your country to further my education.
please sir, I really want to finish my study abroad, is my promise to my father.

Note: I am willing to offer you 20% of the total sum as compensation for your effort / input after the successful transfer of this fund to your nominated bank account. Anticipating hearing from you soon.please if is your wish to assist me,
thanks and God bless you

Best regards,
Stephanie Leo.

Anti-fraud resources: