fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "inheritance funds" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "high court" (Barristers (lawyers) mentioned in 419 scams are always fake.)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dr. Adesola Adeduntan" <email@example.com>
Date: Wed, 11 Oct 2017 09:57:41 -0700
Subject: RE:PAYMENT NOTIFICATION OF YOUR FUND BENEFICIARY
OFFICE OF THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR
Your Ref: ...............
Definitely, I know that this letter will be a surprising one to you. Firstly, I will like to introduce myself formally as Dr. Adesola Adeduntan, The new Executive Managing Diretor of The Fist Bank Plc.
I am officially contacting you today because your Inheritance Funds were Re-deposited into the "Federal Suspense Account" of First Bank last week, because you did not forward your Claim as the Rightful beneficiary.
Really these men were unexpected by me because their visit was impromptu. I had to ask them why they came to see me in person and they said that they were here to Collect the Inheritance Bill Sum of (US$1.5M) which rightfully belongs to you, on your behalf.
At this development I asked them who authorized them to come down to Nigeria for the Collection of this Payment and they told me that you asked them to come and collect this Funds on your Behalf. In fact this was the biggest shock that this Bank have ever received so far because your Inheritance Funds is still in the "Federal Suspense Account" of First Bank, yet you sent these men to come and collect this Funds on your behalf without notifying us.
We in this Bank do not understand why you sent these men to come and Collect your Funds on your behalf. If actually you want them to help you collect your Inheritance Bill Sum, at least you should have informed me as the Executive Manger of this Bank.
They actually tendered some Vital Documents, which proved that you actually sent them for the Collection of these Fund. Honestly, it really baffles me that you took such decision without my consent.
Here are the Documents, which they tendered to this Bank
1. LETTER OF ADMINISTRATION.
2. HIGH COURT INJUNCTION.
3. ORDER TO RELEASE.
Actually, these Documents, which they tendered to this Noble Bank, is a clear Proof that you sent them to Collect this Funds for you. Finally, I told them to come back and they promised to come back.
As the Managing Director of this Noble Bank, I was supposed to Release this Funds to them but I refused to do so because I wanted to hear from you first. Due to the Nature of my job, I will not want to make any mistake in Releasing this Funds to anyone except you whom is the Recognized Bonafide Beneficiary to this Funds.
Kindly clarify us on this issue before we make this Payment to these foreigners whom came on your behalf. In receipt of this confidential Letter, you are required to respond immediately to this email with your full name, address and phone number for reconfirmation and immediate action.
NB.WE DISCOVERED YOU HAVE BEEN SCAMMED IN ONE WAY OR THE OTHER,BUT PLEASE NOW THAT WE HAVE DISCOVERED THAT PLEASE GET BACK TO US AS SOON AS POSSIBLE SO THAT WE CAN GET YOUR FUND DELIVERED TO YOU.
By and large,the only thing you are to pay for if you will be claiming your funds by your own self is the administrative charges and the paper work as imposed by the federal government of Nigeria and Central Bank Policy, is $155.
Dr. Adesola Adeduntan